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For the 61 year’s anniversary of the Rape of Nanking, 12-13-98
Kingsley Wang

         During World War II, Japan and Germany were equally aggressive invaders, and both violated Geneva and Hague Conventions by undertaking atrocious war crimes against humanity. After the war they emerged as two of the Big Seven in the world. However, they went to opposite directions as far as the way they handled the war responsibilities was concerned. Germany issued formal apologies and paid reparations to the war crime victims, estimated US$880 billion. It became a respected democratic nation. On the other hand, Japan denied a formal apology and refused to pay reparations to its victims.
        The reason for the different outcome in Europe and in the Far East was essentially caused by the different treatments of Allies to the two nations. In the case of Japan, the U.S.A. was solely responsible.
         After World War II, the International Tribunal in Europe had some 80,000 Nazi war criminals accused and convicted, and all of them were removed from the German government offices. On the other hand, Far East International Tribunal, under the leadership of U.S.A., only Hideki Tojo and six other Class A war criminals were sentenced to death; total convicted in Tokyo, 28. The total convicted in all Far East nations was only 3,000. The No. 1 war criminal, Japanese Emperor Hirohito, was not punished, but remained as the head of the state. His direct involvement in war crimes was evidenced by the fact that a royal prince issued a “Kill All Captives” order prior to the “Rape of Nanking.” The deaths of civilians and captives in Nanking alone were 300,000, which were more than the casualties caused by two atomic bombs dropped in Hiroshima and Nagasaki combined. Many major war criminals remained in high positions of the government after the war. The Peace Treaty between the U.S.A. was hurriedly signed in 1951 in San Francisco, with slight condemnation causes.
        The generosity, with which the U.S.A. treated a defeated Japan, was second to none in history. Furthermore, the U.S. military authority, with the intention of cooperation for further development of biochemical and poison gaseous weaponry, granted immunity to Ishii Shiro and his subordinates, who were responsible for producing such weapons and launching such warfare 1,131 times in China. The resulting total deaths were, at least, 200,000. Some 20,000 Chinese and Allied captives were killed alive as specimens in lab experiments in Unit 731 and other centers. These types of weaponry had been outlawed, and are sought to be destroyed in Iraq today.
        The consequences of this generosity made Japanese rid of their guilty feeling on invasion and war crimes, but looked upon themselves as victims of the war, who had been suffered from atomic bombs. The spirit tablets of Tojo and 13 other war criminals were worshiped in the State Shinto Shrine. The life of Hideki Tojo was presently made into a movie and glorified as a people’s hero. This should be construed as Japan’s ridicule and reversal of the verdicts of the Far East International Tribunal.
         According to a 1968 resolution of United Nations General Assembly, the prescription of reparations for war crime victims was without statutory time limits. Japan had committed atrocious war crimes, killing, at least, 35 million, with the majority being civilians and captives. They used men, women and babies for bayonet and target practices, held decapitation contests, buried them alive, disemboweled women after raping. They roasted and burned captives after dousing with gasoline. The degree of brutality and human suffering was unparalleled in history.
         As for looting and property damages, China had claimed, in 1947, to the International Committee of Far East of US$51.7 billion, not including those of Manchuria, Taiwan, and a part of North China. With a reasonable multiplier 120, such minimum claim should be US$6.204 trillion today.
         However, except a token compensation for Chinese Government of estimated US$40 million was made in 1948-49, Japan denied to issue a formal apology, refused to pay reparations to victims of its war crimes. The Japanese misrepresented the history of invasion as a war for establishing “Co-prosperous Sphere of Great SE Asia,” to liberate Asian yellow race from the slavery of white people. Under the name of self-defense, their military forces are built up. Their military budget is only second to the U.S.A. today; they piled up nuclear material, enough to make 1,000 atomic bombs. In 1997 they invaded Diaoyutai, an island 120 miles from the shores of Taiwan. Without the watchful eyes of the world and restraint of the super power, Japan is liable to become an aggressive invader again.